Manuscript Formatting Guidelines

Title Page: Title must be precise, self-explanatory and brief (not more than 25 words). The Font Size of the title should be Times New Roman 14, bold and centred.

Corresponding author details with their affiliation(s) (surname, other names, institution and Country) must be mentioned below the Title. The corresponding author should be starred in the author’s list. The corresponding author should be provided with complete affiliation, contact number and e-mail address.

Abstract: Each manuscript must contain an abstract of no more than 300 words for all articles. An abstract need to be concise, informative, self-explanatory and must be free from citations. It should be single-spaced, Font 11, Times New Roman.

Keywords: Keywords should be precisely picked from the manuscript and comprise of those most commonly used words in the article. The limit is 8 keywords.

Introduction: This section should lay a strong background for the study to enable the readers to understand the purpose and need for the study. This section should contain citations of previously published research studies and literature relevant to the topic that is used in the article. The introduction should clearly highlight the empirical and theoretical literature review, research gaps, research focus, research questions and objectives.

Methodology: This section should provide detailed procedures; techniques; and methods applied in the research e.g. study design, sample and sampling techniques, instruments and procedures, data analysis and other methodological details critical for replication.  This section may have multiple sub-sections as per the number of methods and methodologies used.

Results:  This section should describe the results of the study. They should be in line with the objectives and analytical framework while providing a summary of the most remarkable findings.

Discussion: This section aims at analyzing, interpreting and synthesizing the findings in the context of existing literature while suggesting future directions for research, new methods and explanations for deviations including support for previously published results from credible sources.

Conclusions: This should clearly articulate the outcome of the synthesis of the findings while giving a sense of completeness and a final impression on the reader showing the importance of the research statement.

Acknowledgements and Funding: The author should acknowledge people, grants, funds, etc. that contributed towards the success of the work. Authors should also declare whether or not they have competing interests.

Figures and Tables: All figures and tables should include the relevant captions, titles, description or footnotes using the APA format.

Reference Formatting: AJADA publishes all reference lists in APA style (Publication Manual of the APA, Latest Edition). Non-authoritative sources should not be used for references. The following is a sample of a reference list entry for a journal article and a book chapter.


Journal Articles

Warner, L. A., White, H. R., and Johnson, V. (2007). Alcohol initiation experiences and family history of alcoholism as predictors of problem-drinking trajectories. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 70, 56–65.

Book Chapters

McCord, J. (1991). Identifying developmental paradigms leading to alcoholism. In D. J. Pittman and H. R. White (Eds.), Society, culture, and drinking patterns reexamined (pp. 480–491). New Brunswick, NJ: Alcohol Research Documentation, Inc.


Please consult the Publication Manual of the APA for additional details about styling reference lists. More information is also available at: